These guides, published by the LGA, summarise the impact of legislation on local government and the work of the LGA in influencing the legislation as it passed through Parliament.

Should you have any queries on any of these publications or the Acts they relate to, please email the public affairs team at

Current guides

Housing and Planning Act 2016

The Housing and Planning Act 2016 contains provisions on new homes (including starter homes), landlords and property agents, abandoned premises, social housing (including extending the Right to Buy to housing association tenants, sale of local authority assets, ‘pay-to-stay', and secure tenancies), planning, compulsory purchase and public land (duty to dispose).

Psychoactive Substances Act 2016

The Psychoactive Substance Act 2016 creates a blanket ban on the production, distribution, sale and supply of psychoactive substances in the United Kingdom. It is a short piece of legislation that contains 63 sections and five schedules.

Welfare Reform and Work Act 2016

The Welfare Reform and Work Act takes forward government commitments to introduce a duty to report to Parliament on progress made towards achieving full employment and the three million apprenticeships target in England. The Act also ensures reports on the effect of certain support for troubled families and provision for social mobility, the benefit cap, social security and tax credits, loans for mortgage interest, and social housing rents.

Childcare Act 2016

The Childcare Act 2016 takes forward government commitments to secure an additional entitlement of childcare support for working parents. The Act extends the entitlement to 30 hours free childcare over 38 weeks of the year for three- and four-year-olds in families where all parents are working.

Education and Adoption Act 2016

The Education and Adoption Act 2016 takes forward government commitments intended to improve education and adoption services. It will enable the Government to intervene in schools deemed to be coasting, as well as in failing schools. Measures in the Act allow the Government to require local authorities to make arrangements for their adoption functions to be carried out by another adoption agency, allowing for regional approaches.

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The Cities and Local Government Devolution Act 2016 provides the legal framework for the implementation of devolution deals with combined authorities and other areas. It is an enabling piece of legislation, with further details for different areas to be set out in regulations that will be put before Parliament.

Deregulation Act 2015 (PDF, 5 pages)

The Deregulation Act 2015 (the Act) provides for the removal or reduction of burdens on businesses, civil society, individuals, public sector bodies and the taxpayer. These include measures relating to general and specific areas of business, companies and insolvency, the use of land, housing, transport, communications, the environment, education and training, entertainment and alcohol, public authorities and the administration of justice.

The Act brings forward government commitments to improve access to finance and contracts, and to reduce regulation for small businesses and entrepreneurs. During the passage of the Act through Parliament, LGA worked with parliamentarians to make amendments to Section 39—to uphold the principle that decisions should be devolved to the most local level possible.

Serious Crime Act 2015 (PDF,  8 pages)

The Local Government Association (LGA) worked with members of both Houses of Parliament, Government officials and stakeholders during the passage of the legislation raising issues of concern to local government. In particular, we were successful in securing an amendment to the legislation on the offence of participating in the activities of an organised crime gang. This publication aims to provide readers with an introduction to the Act and summarises the main principles of relevance to local government. 

Infrastructure Act 2015 (PDF, 4 pages)

The Act covers transport, housing, regeneration, infrastructure and energy. A number of the provisions in the legislation are of importance to, and will affect, local government. These include: the creation of strategic highways companies to replace strategic highways authorities; government investment in cycling and walking; the discharge of certain types of planning conditions; the transfer of publicly held land; the local land charges service; and shale gas extraction. 

Local Audit and Accountability Act 2014 (PDF, 8 pages) 

The Local Audit and Accountability Bill was published in the House of Lords on the 9 May 2013, having received pre-legislative scrutiny in the autumn of 2012. It received Royal Assent on the 30 January 2014, becoming the Local Audit and Accountability Act 2014.

Children and Families Act 2014 (PDF, 8 pages)

The Children and Families Act 2014 (the Act) covers adoption and contact, family justice, children and young people with Special Educational Needs (SEN), child care and child welfare. The Local Government Association (LGA) was heavily involved in making representations to members of both Houses of Parliament during the passage of the legislation and was successful in securing amendments to the legislation on issues of concern to local government. 

Care Act 2014 (PDF, 12 pages)

The LGA has actively promoted the need for a fully funded and reformed care system for a number of years. That is why we engaged closely with the Law Commission's inquiry on adult social care (2008-2011), the resulting Draft Care and Support Bill and the Care Bill itself. The Care Act is many years in the making and the LGA has worked closely with Government, Parliament and partner organisations throughout the process. This Get in on the Act document gives you the low down on all the proposals.

The Health and Social Care Act 2012 (PDF, 48 pages)

The publication is an invaluable guide to the legislation, which provides a summary of all the provisions of the Act and more details about the provisions of particular relevance to local government. It is essential reading for elected members and officers who have an interest in the health reforms.

Scrap Metal Dealers Act 2012 (PDF, 12 pages)

Increases in metal theft driven by the rise in commodity prices have had a wide ranging impact, and cost the economy between £220 million and £777 million a year according to two recent estimates. It has seen disruption to energy supplies, transport and telecommunications, as well as manhole covers stolen and war memorials desecrated. It has also highlighted how ineffective the regulation of scrap metal dealers dating from the 1960s has become. The Government therefore produced a hand-out Bill setting out proposals for a new licensing regime for scrap metal dealers in 2012, following its omission from the Queen's Speech.