400,000 homes with planning permission still waiting to be built

LGA press release 22 August 2013

New research published today reveals there are still nearly 400,000 homes in England which have been given planning permission but haven't yet been built.

The study, commissioned by the LGA and carried out by Glenigan, shows that there has been little progress made in reducing the bumper backlog over the past year.

Developers are also now putting in fewer planning applications and taking longer to complete work on site. Councils are concerned that the fall in planning applications they are receiving may threaten the prospect of a long-term house building recovery.

The LGA, which speaks on behalf of more than 350 councils in England, said the figures show the need for Government to remove restrictions on council investment in housing, and concentrate efforts to rejuvenate house building on funding the construction of new homes, rather than further meddling with the planning system.

Preliminary findings, published today, show that:

  • The backlog in homes with planning permission yet to be built was reduced by just 6,000 in the past year.
  • It now takes 27 months, on average, from sites receiving planning permission to building work being completed – seven months longer than in 2007/8. Last year the mean average was 25 months.
  • Councils continue to approve almost nine in every 10 planning applications they receive.
  • The number of planning applications fell by five per cent last year, separate government figures show.
  • Local authorities are calling for significant investment to tackle the new homes backlog and get more homes built.
  • Thousands of shovel-ready sites could be kick-started into action if a Treasury-imposed cap on the amount councils can invest in new housing was lifted.
  • Recent research showed that councils could build up to 60,000 additional new homes over the next five years if they were allowed to invest in housing against normal borrowing guidelines. This would create jobs, boost GDP by 0.6 per cent and reduce the housing benefit bill.

Councillor Mike Jones, Chairman of the LGA's Environment and Housing Board, said: "The bumper backlog of unbuilt homes and drop in the number of planning applications submitted to councils last year is a worrying sign that the housing market is not yet on the road to long-term recovery.

"While there has been progress made, this risks being undermined if we do not find a way to ensure developers keep up with demand.

"These figures conclusively show that it is not the planning system holding back the building of much-needed new homes.

"Councils are approving nine in every 10 planning applications we receive and we know that there has been an increase in the numbers of first-time buyers getting mortgages.

"The challenge now lies in actually getting houses built. Government schemes to help buyers access finance risk creating a bubble if there isn't an increase house building to match it

"Government has an unrivalled opportunity to create jobs, provide tens of thousands of homes and help the economy without having to find a single extra penny. New homes are badly-needed and councils want to get on with building them. The common sense answer is for the Treasury to remove its house building block and let us get on with it."

Notes for editors

1. The Local Government Association (LGA) has commissioned Glenigan to undertake an analysis of the extent and scope of unimplemented residential planning permissions in England and Wales in 2011/12 and 2012/13. A research report will be published in September 2013.

Preliminary findings from the research show that:

  • In 2012/13, 3,057 schemes obtained planning permission, totalling 165,903 potential homes.
  • There were 6,500 schemes with planning permissions yet to be completed on 31 March 2013, consisting of 381,390 unbuilt homes. Building work had yet to start on 61 per cent of the uncompleted schemes.
  • The mean average time taken for a development to progress to completion having obtaining planning permission was 27 months in 2012/13. This has increased from 20 months in 2007/08 and 25 months in 2011/12.

2. The estimated three years' worth of units that could be constructed is calculated by taking the number of unimplemented planning permissions at 31 March 2013 (381,390) and dividing by data from the most recent DCLG housing statistics – see table 209 on the
Communities and Local Government website for permanent dwellings completed in England and Wales in 2012/13 (113,700 units).

3. Data on applications and approvals is sourced from DCLG housing statistics
(live tables on planning applications – on the .GOV website)


16 December 2014

Key link 

Housing resource

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