A combined authority (CA) is a legal body set up using national legislation that enables a group of two or more councils to collaborate and take collective decisions across council boundaries.
CAs are formally established by the Secretary of State for Communities and Local Government through a Parliamentary Order following the request or consent of the councils concerned. There are two types of combined authority: those with a mayor for the area covered by the CA and those which do not have a mayor. The legislation does not allow the creation of combined authorities in London.
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