Nutrient Neutrality and the planning system

This is the front page for the PAS Nutrient Neutrality Programme funded by the Department for Levelling Up, Housing and Communities. We are supporting local authorities to manage the impacts of nutrient neutrality and deliver mitigation, through sharing knowledge, technical skills, experience and best practice.


The Levelling Up & Regeneration Bill

The recent Amendments to the Levelling Up and Regeneration Bill would allow the Secretary of State to designate catchment areas for certain sites polluted by nitrogen and/or phosphorus and require certain sewerage undertakers to ensure that treated effluent from sewage disposal works in England that discharge into them will, unless exempted, meet specified pollution concentrations by the applicable upgrade date. This includes:

  • A nutrient pollution standard of 0.25mg/l for phosphorus and 10mg/l for nitrogen
  • An upgrade date of 1 April 2030
  • A requirement for the SoS to maintain and publish details of sensitive catchment areas and nitrogen/phosphorus significant wastewater treatment plants
  • Enforcement provisions for the SoS and a requirement for the EA to exercise its functions under the Environmental Damage Regulations (2015)

Following Report stage in the Commons, the intention is that it will go to the Lords in the Spring and receive Royal Assent by Easter. However, this timetable is fluid.

To ensure regard is had to the required WWTW upgrades, the Habitat Regulations will be clarified, so the measures are considered certain in the assessment provisions. More information on this is available in the updated FAQs.

 

Government Announcement in July 2022

On 20 July 2022, the Environment Secretary laid a Written Ministerial Statement on improving water quality and tackling nutrient pollution.

This consists of three elements; obligating the upgrade of wastewater treatment works in nutrient neutrality areas, a strategic mitigation scheme led by Natural England, and clarifying the application of Habitats Regulations Assessments for post-permission approvals.

On 21 July, the Chief Planner provided an update on nutrient neutrality and habitats regulations assessment which sets out more of the detail.

Natural England's Nutrient Mitigation Scheme

In July’s Written Ministerial Statement, the Secretary of State announced a ministerial direction to support Natural England to establish a nutrient mitigation scheme.

We anticipate the Scheme being launched in November 2022 and whilst the operational details are not yet available, we expect that the Natural England scheme will:

  • work with local landowners to help them create nutrient mitigation habitat – particularly wetlands and woodlands – which will be the basis for nutrient credits;
  • issue nutrient certificates to eligible developers who can use them for planning applications in areas covered by NN advice;
  • provide certificates that will give LPAs assurance that additional nutrients from new developments can be mitigated by the purchase of nutrient credits;
  • attach conditions to planning permissions to ensure that any necessary nutrient credits are bought before the new homes are occupied;
  • recycle income from the sale of credits to provide new mitigation and cover the costs of monitoring and maintaining the relevant mitigation.

It is envisaged that the scheme will enable LPAs to grant permission subject to conditions or obligations securing mitigation and phasing developments (if needed) so that mitigation is operational and in place, prior to any nutrient pollution being discharged.

LPA Nutrients Network

Since June, we have been hosting a monthly network for all 27 catchment lead officers. Alongside national updates and the opportunity to engage collectively with Government, statutory agencies, and other national stakeholders, these meetings are also a great way for catchments to talk to each other to share concerns, experiences and good practice.

Event Series 2022

PAS held a <a href="https://www.local.gov.uk/pas/topics/environment/nutrient-neutrality-and-planning-system/nutrient-neutrality-event-series">series of workshops in March-May 2022</a> to walk people through the issue, to try to answer their questions and to provide a roadmap to try and make progress. The events looked at the short-term organisational response to nutrient neutrality, and helped to draw together some ideas for how we might help in the longer term.&nbsp; The events were supported by key people from Defra, Natural England, the Environment Agency and the Department of Levelling Up, Housing and Communities.&nbsp;The LGA is separately holding events for councillors.</p>

Frequently Asked Questions

We've produced a <a href="https://www.local.gov.uk/pas/plan-making/archive/nutrient-neutrality-faqs">helpful set of FAQs</a> following the Natural England advice to Local Planning Authorities on 22nd March 2022. This topic has many moving parts and there is lots of advice that still being agreed/debated - so not every question has a firm answer - we'll be providing regular updates.</p>
 

Where To Start?

We spoke to councils who had to work some of this out on their own. From these discussions we produced a 'first steps checklist' which includes some of the key questions and prompts that might help to organise your thoughts and first steps. We also held some workshops back in July 2021 talking to councils that have been grappling with the Nitrates issue for some time - the presentations from our July 2021 workshops are here. 

Nutrient Neutrality Catchments