Local Development Orders

The revised National Planning Policy Framework (“the NPPF”) has a strong emphasis on policy that is aimed at boosting the availability of land in the right places for development, and to ensure that better use is made of underused land in towns and cities.


To help achieve this the NPPF places a renewed emphasis on encouraging Local Planning Authorities (LPAs) to use Local Development Orders (LDOs) to help set the planning framework for an area and bring forward development.

LDOs provide permitted development rights for specified types of development in defined locations. They are flexible and locally determined tools that LPAs can use to help accelerate the delivery of appropriate development in the right places. LDOs can help enable growth by positively and proactively shaping sustainable development in their area. They can play an important role in incentivising development by simplifying the planning process and making investment more attractive.  

PAS have published updated technical guidance that has been written for LPAs who want to use LDOs in their area. It provides information for officers on how to bring LDOs forward and includes advice on their development and implementation as well as the monitoring and delivery of them.

To bring this guidance document to life and relate it to real places and experiences we have also published a review of 10 case study LDOs that cover a range of development types and scales. The case studies evidence examples of good practice and identify lessons learned during their preparation and delivery.

You can access the guidance document and case study research by clicking on the documents below:

Local Development Orders - Case Study Research and Analysis

Local Development Orders - Guidance for councils on preparing local development orders

Interactive Map

We have also published an interactive map of England which locates all of the LDOs made to date.

It provides links to further information including details of what has been permitted through the LDO.

The map provides details of the local development orders (LDOs) that have been made in England on or before the 31.12.2018. It should be noted that LDOs can be time limited and as such some may have expired or been replaced. Authorities can also withdraw LDOs and may have done so where the permitted development is now complete or they are no longer serving a purpose

Together this suite of guidance, case study research, and further information provide a resource to LPAs on the benefits of bringing forward LDO’s as well as providing valuable information on the process for developing and implementing them, taking in to account the lessons learnt from other local planning authority experiences.