LGA Research bulletin

This monthly publication keeps you informed of key issues and developments in research impacting on, or of interest to, local government.

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The bulletin brings together the work of the LGA and also features relevant publications from the wider research community. The information in this bulletin is grouped under themed areas. This publication is produced by LGA Research and Information and we provide high quality analysis and research across all aspects of local government.

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May 2022 Analysis and Research Bulletin

Welcome to the Local Government Association (LGA) Analysis and Research Bulletin.

This comprehensive monthly publication keeps you informed about key issues and developments in research impacting on local government.

Health and social care

COVID-19 and the social impacts on Great Britain – 16 to 27 March 2022

These Office for National Statistics (ONS) indicators from the Opinions and Lifestyle Survey cover the period 16 to 27 March 2022 and are produced to better understand the impact of the pandemic on people, households and communities in Great Britain.

Public opinions and social trends, Great Britain: 27 April to 8 May 2022

This ONS publication provides social insights into daily life and events to cover the period 27 April to 8 May 2022, including impacts on health and well-being, the cost of living and goods shortages in Great Britain, taken from the Opinions and Lifestyle Survey.

How can local authorities reduce obesity?

This National Institute for Health and Care Research (NIHR) themed review identifies 143 NIHR-funded studies on obesity that are relevant to local authorities. An array of interventions, settings, and study types were considered.

From pandemic to cost of living crisis: low-income families in challenging times

This Joseph Rowntree Foundation (JRF) study considers the experiences of a group of low-income families during the second half of the pandemic in 2021, and how they have faced a changing and increasingly uncertain world.

Community life survey - journey time statistics 6 April 2020 to 29 March 2021 England

These statistics from the Department for Transport (DfT) and the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport (DCMS) provide an estimate of the proportion of individuals in England reporting that particular community assets are within a 15-20 minute walk of their homes.

What The Commonwealth Fund’s 2021 international survey reveals about the UK

The Commonwealth Fund’s 2021 International Health Policy survey asked 18,989 older adults across 11 countries about their health and health care between March and June 2021. This included 1,876 people in the UK. This Health Foundation analysis, reports on the findings from a UK perspective.

Adult social care in England, monthly statistics: 26 April 2022

These Department of Health and Social Care (DOHSC) experimental statistics provide information on a range of topics including infection control measures, vaccinations and COVID-19 testing in adult social care settings in the week ending 26 April 2022.

Volunteering in NHS Trusts

Two reports from the King’s Fund provide details of the current evidence and analysis of NHS trust volunteering and the experiences of trust volunteering services:

  • How can a strategic approach to volunteering in NHS trusts add value?
    This report outlines how trusts can develop, assess and enable a strategic approach to volunteering.
  • Adding value through volunteering in NHS trusts
    This resource explores the development of volunteering in NHS trusts, and key components for developing a strategic approach to volunteering with examples drawn from trust volunteering services.

Education and young people

Analysis of the Office for Standards in Education, Children’s Services and Skills (Ofsted) inspection outcomes by school type between 2018 and 2022

This report by Angel Solutions commissioned by the LGA compares local authority maintained schools, academies, and free schools using the overall Ofsted inspection grade as its primary metric.

School leadership in England 2010 to 2020: characteristics and trends

These Department for Education (DfE) statistics provide information on school leaders in state-funded schools in England between 2010 and 2020.

The impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on children’s socioemotional well-being and attainment during the reception year

This Education Endowment Foundation (EEF) research, conducted by a team from University of York, National Institute of Economic and Social Research (NIESR) and the Education Policy Institute (EPI), finds children’s literacy and maths skills, communication and language, physical development, and personal social and emotional development have all been affected by the pandemic. 

EEF evidence review: The Impact of Covid on learning - England

This EEF report summarises the research on the impact of the pandemic on learning in England, and finds that the attainment gap between socially disadvantaged pupils and their classmates has grown. There is also some evidence that in primary schools, younger year groups have been the most significantly affected.

Attendance in education and early years settings during the COVID-19 pandemic – England – 23 March 2020 to 12 May 2022

These DfE statistics provide information on attendance in education settings in England since Monday 23 March 2020 and early years settings since Thursday 16 April 2020, up to 12 May 2022.

Survey of childcare and early years providers and COVID-19: Wave Four – 24 November to 19 December 2021 - England

Wave four of this DfE research considers how childcare providers have responded to the pandemic, the status of childcare provision and any potential longer-term consequences for the childcare market in England.

Level Two and Three attainment by young people aged 16 to 25 in England – 2020/21 academic year

This DfE release covers attainment at Level Two (Five GCSEs Nine-Four or equivalent) and Level Three (Two A levels or equivalent) of young people at ages 16 to 25 in England in the 2020/21 academic year.

Apprenticeships in England by industry characteristics: Academic years 2012/13 to 2020/21

These DfE experimental statistics provide information on apprenticeship starts and achievements between the 2012/13 and 2020/21 academic years, by employer size, industry sector and region in England.

Education, health and care plans: England as at January 2022

This DfE data provides information on the number of children and young people with a statement of special educational needs (SEN) or education, health and care (EHC) plan in England in January 2022. 

Employer pulse survey 2021 - England

This DfE report presents findings from the employer pulse survey 2021 conducted between July and November 2021 in England.

Child sexual abuse in 2020/21: Trends in official data – England and Wales

This report from the Centre of Expertise on Child Sexual Abuse focuses on the recorded cases of child sexual abuse by professionals in 2020/21, and draws on the latest available evidence from the official data released by child protection, criminal justice and health agencies in England and Wales


Transport use during the COVID-19 pandemic – Great Britain from 1 March 2020 to 16 May 2022

This Department for Transport (DfT) data release, provides statistics on transport use by mode produced in order to monitor the use of the transport system during the pandemic, from 1 March 2020 up to 16 May 2022.


The People and Nature Survey for England: Monthly indicators for March 2022 (Official Statistics)

These indicators from the Natural England People and Nature Survey cover the month of March 2022 and show how people use the natural environment in England and the impact of the pandemic on this.

Air quality statistics: 1987 to 2021 - UK

These Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (Defra) statistics provide an annual update on concentrations of major air pollutants in the UK between 1987 and 2021.

Exposed: The collapse of green space provision in England and Wales

This analysis from the New Economics Foundation (NEF) suggests that there has been a broad decline in green space provision and that this is linked to how the UK planning system is designed and how it builds communities.

UK statistics on waste 2010 to 2020

These statistics from Defra include updated information on recycling rates, biodegradable waste sent to landfill and commercial and industrial waste between 2010 and 2020 in the UK.

Climate change insights, UK: January to March 2022

This ONS quarterly publication brings together the latest climate change-related statistics and analysis from a range of sources.

Organic farming statistics 2021

These Defra annual statistics provide information about the UK organic farming sector in 2021.

Local government

Modern slavery survey: Research report – Winter 2021- 2022

Modern slavery is a crime, and councils’ work to tackle it has developed significantly over the past few years. This report presents the findings of an LGA survey conducted to explore what structures and workstreams councils have put in place to respond to modern slavery, and how they are supporting victims.

Working to improve a better understanding and use of data in local government 

How well does your council use data for decision-making? The LGA is looking for councils to partner with us to trial the use of a data maturity self-assessment tool. LGA would welcome councils at any stage of maturity from the data unaware to data masters. The results will enable councils to assess where they are on their data journey and plan the next steps of that evolution. Councils will also be able to compare themselves across different functional areas and against other councils. The findings will encourage conversation on the data needs of councils and how the local government sector can work collectively to raise standards and to improve cultural and work practices. More details and how to register your council’s interest is available online here.  

Council Tax levels set by local authorities in England 2022 to 2023

This Department for Levelling Up, Housing and Communities (DLUHC) publication provides details of the level of council tax set by local authorities in England for the 2022/23 financial year.

LG Inform updates:

Visas issued and UK arrivals for Homes for Ukraine Sponsorship Scheme

This LG Inform report presents the cumulative number of Homes for Ukraine Sponsorship Scheme and the preliminary Census 2021 counts of country of birth by local authority for Ukraine and neighbouring or relevant countries, to help local and national emergency response planning to the Russian invasion of Ukraine. The Homes for Ukraine data will be updated weekly.

LG Inform Plus: annual review of Powers and Duties/Records Retention now released

The regular annual update of both powers & duties and records retention guidance in LG Inform Plus has been completed and the information is now live in each of the tools. The review of legislation enacted during the year has resulted in new powers & duties related to domestic abuse, environmental protection and non-domestic rating. In addition, during the past year, a detailed review of Children’s Services and the powers and duties of local authorities in delivering those services has been carried out. A total of 197 duties and 28 powers have been added or updated as a result of reviews of legislation this year.

The LGA Inform team will shortly be looking at the Health and Care Act 2022 which was not enacted in time for the annual review. 

As in 2021, key legislation and associated powers & duties which resulted from Coronavirus legislation have been added or updated periodically throughout the year. Much of the Coronavirus legislation has now been withdrawn so many of the powers and duties no longer apply. You can see the current status of them using the Powers & Duties tool which is available to LG Inform Plus subscribers.

There are 155 new record types which have been added bringing the total number of record types for which LG Inform Plus has retention guidance to 1891.

All the new powers & duties and records retention information can be found by setting the ‘added or updated’ date filter in each of the tools to ‘01/04/2021’.

Metrics added to LG Inform and LG Inform Plus this month include:  

Visas issued for Homes for Ukraine Sponsorship Scheme 

Data on the number of visas issued under the Home for Ukraine Sponsorship Scheme and number of arrivals of those with a visa is now available in LG Inform. For the week ending 25 May 2022 56,730 visas had been issued and 32,455 people had arrived in England.
Visas issued and UK arrivals for Homes for Ukraine Sponsorship Scheme 

Available Geographies: Council area – Country – County – District - Local Government District - London borough - Metropolitan District - Unitary 

Patients Registered at a GP Practice 

LG Inform and Inform Plus now includes NHS Digital data on Patients by GP practice location broken down by five year bands and gender at all area levels.

Available Geographies: Country – Region – County – London borough – Metropolitan District – Unitary – District – Parliamentary – Ward – MSOA – LSOA 

Household Support Fund allocations 

Department for Work and Pensions (DWP) Household Support Fund allocations, to help with rising living costs, for each unitary authority and county councils are now available in LG Inform.

Available Geographies: Country – Region – County – London borough – Metropolitan District – Unitary 

Dwelling stock density statistics 

Department for Levelling Up, Housing & Communities (DLUHC) data on the number of dwellings per hectare is now available in LG Inform.

Available Geographies: Country – Region – County – London borough – Metropolitan District – Unitary – District 

Employment, pay and workforce

Cyber security skills in the UK labour market 2022

This Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport (DCMS) research details the skills needs and job vacancies across the UK cyber security sector.

UK labour market: January to March 2022

These ONS statistics provide estimates of employment, unemployment, inactivity, average weekly earnings, vacancies and other labour market related statistics for the UK between January and March 2022. This release includes UK and non-UK people in the labour market and labour market flows.

Racial equality in the teacher workforce

This National Foundation for Educational Research (NFER) report explores the representation and career progression opportunities in the teaching profession among people from different ethnic minority backgrounds, from applications to initial teacher training through to headship.

Labour market and skills demand: horizon scanning and scenarios

This DfE report examines how the labour market might change in the future and considers the causes for this.


Rural business statistics – England, July to November 2021

This publication from Defra is part of the larger compendium publication the Statistical Digest of Rural England which is a collection of rural statistics on a wide range of social and economic government policy areas.

UK overseas trade in goods statistics: March 2022

These HM Revenue and Customs (HMRC) UK overseas trade statistics (OTS) data detail international trade in goods at summary product and country level in March 2022.

Economic activity and social change in the UK, real-time indicators: 12 May 2022

This ONS publication provides early experimental data and analysis on economic activity and social change in the UK.

Forecasts for the UK economy: May 2022

This HM Treasury publication provides a comparison of independent forecasts for the UK economy in May 2022.


Statutory homelessness October to December 2021 – England

These statistics from DLUHC and Communities and the Ministry of Housing, Communities and Local Government (MHCLG) provide details of homelessness in England between October and December 2021.


Proven reoffending statistics: April to June 2020

These Ministry of Justice (MoJ) statistics provide information on reoffending of offenders who were released from custody, received a non-custodial conviction, or a caution between April to June 2020.

Safety in custody statistics, England and Wales: Deaths in prison custody to March 2022 assaults and self-harm to December 2021

This quarterly update from the MoJ and Her Majesty’s Prison Service provides information on deaths, self-harm and assaults in prison custody in England and Wales.

Criminal Justice System statistics quarterly: England and Wales 2021

These MoJ statistics provide information on the use of out of court disposals, defendants prosecuted, offenders convicted, remand and sentencing decisions, and offender histories in England and Wales in 2021.

Regular publications and events

Have you joined the APAN crowd?

Are you a member of the Advanced and Predictive Analytics Network (APAN) and does your council have representation on its membership?

APAN now boasts over 300 members that include data analysts, government practitioners and invited experts. Formed in 2021 in response to increasing use of advanced analytics within public sector organisations, the network is an interactive space for shared learning, support and increased transparency. The APAN site provides further details.

Take part in webinars, training sessions, debate and discussions - and all this is free to local government officers working in data analytics.

The next APAN webinar is on MS Teams, and includes a series of short talks from council data practitioners about projects involving advanced analytics under their care. It takes place on June 20th 2022 at 2pm. Book your free place here.

LG Inform and LG Inform Plus webinar programme - June 2022 now available

The LG Inform and LG Inform Plus programme of free webinars for June 2022 is available.

To book a place and discover more about the data, report writing and the various modules on offer visit the online training page for more details and how to book.

If you would like something more tailored to your needs, contact lginformplus@local.gov.uk

What works centre for local economic growth - online workshop

Making use of logic models: practical training for local economic growth
Thursday 9 June, 1.00 - 3.00pm

This short workshop is aimed at those working in local authorities, combined authorities, and LEPs, and will use practical exercises to review logic models in policy design and delivery.

Does your area of research affect determinants of health?

In growing recognition of the need to tackle wider preventable risk factors and determinants of health, the NIHR is funding a NIHR Population Health Career Scientist Award.

Applications are welcomed from researchers in non-health disciplines which impact the determinants of health (e.g. town planning, environmental science, mathematics, architecture, engineering, geography, education, social sciences, social policy and the arts).

- Applications should be made before 1pm on 30 June 2022.
- Each award will be for a period of five years (full-time equivalent) and will provide funding to cover salary and research expenses.
- Individual applicants will need to be based in an eligible Higher Education Institution (HEI) or equivalent in the UK and will be expected to have explicit support from their host organisations over the duration of the award either in the form of funding or resources ‘in kind’ (e.g. research assistant support/PhD students to the Fellow if successful).
- There is an expectation that the research supported through this award will be of importance and relevance to local government, ideally with explicit support from local government colleagues.

It is envisaged that the scheme will be run over subsequent fellowship rounds (next call likely April 2023) to achieve a cohort of leaders in population health research across both the UK and the range of themes. All award-holders would be expected to participate in NIHR Academy activities as part of the wider ‘family’ of personal award-holders.

Social Research Association (SRA) training courses
The SRA are currently offering a range of online training courses using Zoom. 

SRA - Social Research Practice journal
The latest issue of the SRA's free e-journal is now available.


Government Actuary Department (GAD) eNewsletter
The latest issue of the GAD eNewsletter is now available.

Project Oracle children and youth evidence hub
Project Oracle is a children and youth evidence hub. The latest newsletter provides a round-up of Project Oracle news, and headlines from across the sector. You can sign up to receive the regular Project Oracle newsletter.

The Rees Centre newsletter
The Rees Centre newsletter is published every two months giving an update on their fostering related research activities and events along with a book review and a section on young voices.

Child Welfare Inequalities Project (CWIP) news
The CWIP at Coventry University studies the links between deprivation and children’s chances of being unable to live safely within their birth families and also aims to establish child welfare inequalities as a core concept in policy making, practice and research. Information about current CWIP projects is available on the website.

Centre for Evaluation newsletter
The Centre for Evaluation develops interventions, systems and strategies to improve public health using rigorous evaluation methods. Visit the website to sign up for the Centre for Evaluation newsletter.

What Works Centre for Local Economic Growth newsletter
This regular newsletter from the What Works Centre for Local Economic Growth provides the latest resources and evidence. Visit the website to sign up for the newsletter.

The Centre for Youth Impact newsletter
The Centre for Youth Impact is a community of organisations that work together to progress thinking and practice around impact measurement in youth work and services for young people. The latest 2020 Centre for Youth Impact newsletter is now available.

Centre of Expertise on Child Sexual Abuse (CSA) Newsletter
The CSA newsletter brings together the most up-to-date research into an accessible overview for frontline professionals and commissioners. Visit the website to sign up for the CSA newsletter.

National Foundation for Educational Research (NFER) Direct
This regular NFER newsletter provides research, industry insights and free resources and events. Sign up for the newsletter.

London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine (LSHTM) Centre for Evaluation
The Centre for Evaluation aims to improve the design and conduct of evaluations of complex public health interventions through the development, application and dissemination of rigorous methods, and facilitate the use of robust evidence to inform policy and practice decisions. The Centre produce a termly newsletter.

Wales Centre for Public Policy (WCPP) newsletter
WCPP works to address key economic and societal challenges through the use of evidence and produce a regular newsletter.

Education Endowment Foundation (EEF) news alert
EEF news alerts provide information about teaching and learning toolkits, project evaluation reports, grant funding rounds and news and events.

NESTA is an innovation foundation which aims to tackle society’s big challenges. They produce a regular newsletter.

Early Intervention Foundation (EiF) newsletter
This regular newsletter from the EiF brings together research, evidence and implementation guidance to champion effective early intervention for children and young people.

Research and Economic Analysis for the Long Term (REAL) Centre
The Health Foundation’s REAL Centre was set up to support long-term decision making in health and social care. Visit the website to sign up for regular updates.

Centre for Population Change (CPC) newsletter
The CPC newsletter outlines activities and news from the Centre.

ActEarly monthly bulletin
The AntennAE monthly e-bulletin provides the latest news and developments from Act Early /