LGA Research bulletin

This monthly publication keeps you informed of key issues and developments in research impacting on, or of interest to, local government.

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The bulletin brings together the work of the LGA and also features relevant publications from the wider research community. The information in this bulletin is grouped under themed areas. This publication is produced by LGA Research and Information and we provide high quality analysis and research across all aspects of local government.

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November 2021 Analysis and Research Bulletin

Welcome to the Local Government Association (LGA) Analysis and Research Bulletin.

This comprehensive monthly publication keeps you informed about key issues and developments in research impacting on local government.

Health and social care

Caring for older patients with complex needs

This Health Foundation report provides results from an international study which has used electronic medical records to compare the cost and quality of care between health care systems in 11 Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) countries. The study provides information about how current care strategies are influencing the quality of care in the NHS, while also highlighting opportunities to improve productivity.

Adult social care in England, monthly statistics: as at 26 October 2021

These Department of Health and Social Care (DOHSC) experimental statistics provide information on a range of topics including infection control measures, COVID-19 vaccinations, flu vaccinations and testing for COVID-19 in English adult social care settings.

A ‘radically realistic’ vision for adult social care

This long read from The King’s Fund suggests that it is essential to begin with a clear vision of what social care is intended to achieve, and the measures needed to implement it. This long read outlines what evidence says should be in that vision.

Coronavirus and the social impacts on Great Britain: 19 November 2021

These Office for National Statistics (ONS) Indicators from the Opinions and Lifestyle Survey provide information about the impact of the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic on people, households and communities in Great Britain.

Who is lonely in Wales?

These Wales Centre for Public Policy (WCPP) reports explore who is lonely and how loneliness intersects with individual characteristics and circumstances to increase the risk of loneliness.

Education and young people

Early education and development: Coronavirus (COVID-19) study

This Department for Education (DfE) research considers the experiences of children and parents from the study of early education and development (SEED) longitudinal project during the COVID-19 pandemic.

Key stage 4 performance 2020 to 2021 academic year - England

These DfE statistics provide information on the achievements of young people at the end of key stage Four in England, in the 2020/21 academic year.

Review of time in school and 16 to 19 settings - England

This DfE review looks at the time spent by pupils in school and 16 to 19 settings in England and the impact this could have on helping children and young people to catch up.

A Level and other 16 to 18 results: 2021 (provisional)

These DfE provisional statistics provide information on the attainment of students at the end of their 16 to 18 study in England.

Attendance in education and early years settings during the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic – to 11 November 2021- England

These DfE statistics provide information on attendance in education settings in England since Monday 23 March 2020 and early years settings since Thursday 16 April 2020 and up to 11 November 2021.

COVID -19 Parent and pupil panel: omnibus surveys – August to October 2021 - England

This DfE report provides the findings from regular surveys with school pupil’s parents or carers and secondary school pupils in England. Two surveys included post-18 school leavers.

COVID-19 survey of young people and parents/guardians - England

This DfE report contains the findings from two waves of research looking at the impact of lockdown and school closures in England in response to the coronavirus pandemic on young people’s education, activities and wellbeing over Spring/Summer 2020.

Coronavirus and higher education students: England, 5 to 15 November 2021 - England

These ONS Experimental statistics from the Student COVID-19 Insights Survey (SCIS) in England include information on the behaviours, plans, opinions and well-being of higher education students in the context of guidance on the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic.

Participation measures in higher education: 2006 to 2020 - England

This DfE publication provides details of participation measures in higher education between the academic years 2006/07 and 2019/20 in England.

Further education and skills: November 2021 – England

These DfE statistics provide details of learner participation and achievements in England for the 2020/21 academic year, including apprenticeships and detailed non-apprenticeship adult further education.

Education and training statistics for the UK: 2021

These DfE statistics provide data on schools, attainment, qualifications gained, education expenditure, further education and higher education in the UK in 2021.

Employability programmes and work placements in higher education - UK

This DfE publication provides a review of published evidence on employability programmes and work placements in UK higher education.

Characteristics of children in need: 2020 to 2021 - England

These DfE statistics provide information on children referred to and assessed by children's social services for the year ending 31 March 2021 in England.

Identifying and responding to child sexual abuse within complex safeguarding approaches

This small-scale study from the Centre of Expertise on Child Sexual Abuse (CSA) reflects on this developing approach and its implications for practice.

Fostering in England 1 April 2020 to 31 March 2021

These Office for Standards in Education,Children’s Services and Skills (Ofsted) statistics provide information on fostering in England for the period 1 April 2020 to 31 March 2021.

Children and young people eating disorder collection Quarter 2 2021 to 2022 - England

These NHS statistics provide information on the number of Children and Young People in England with an Eating Disorder (CYP ED) who have accessed or are waiting for National Institute of Clinical Excellence (NICE) approved treatment.

Children looked after in England including adoption: 2020 to 2021

These DfE statistics provide information on looked-after children at both national and local authority levels for the 2020/21 financial year in England.


Transport use during the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic – Great Britain

To monitor the use of the transport system during the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic, the Department for Transport (DfT) provide statistics on transport use by mode in Great Britain.

Annual bus statistics: year ending March 2021 – England

These DfT annual bus statistics provide information on the local bus sector in England for the year ending March 2021.

Attitudes towards COVID-19 among passengers travelling into and out of the UK: February 2021 to September 2021

These ONS monthly figures provide information on the attitudes of UK and overseas residents arriving and departing the UK, towards social distancing, mask wearing, and COVID-19 restrictions and the proportion who had been vaccinated. This analysis uses unweighted results from the International Passenger Survey for the period covering February to September 2021 and the Civil Aviation Authority’s Departing Passengers Survey for the period covering June to September 2021 (experimental statistics).

Journey time statistics, England: 2019

These DfT journey time statistics provide information on journey times from local residential neighbourhoods to a range of local services by car, cycling, public transport and walking, and walking only in England during 2019.

Reported road casualties Great Britain: e-Scooter factsheet year ending June 2021

These DfT e-scooter statistics provide a provisional summary of e-scooter casualties in reported road accidents in Great Britain for the year ending June 2021.

Reported road casualties Great Britain: motorcyclist factsheet 2020

These DfT motorcyclist statistics provide a summary of motorcyclist casualties in reported road accidents in Great Britain with data up to 2020.

Vehicle speed compliance statistics for Great Britain: July to September 2021

These DfT speed compliance statistics provide information on car driver compliance with speed limits on roads in Great Britain during July to September 2021.

Road goods vehicles travelling to Europe: October 2020 to September 2021

These DfT statistics provide details of the number of powered vehicles and unaccompanied trailers carried on each route to Europe for October 2020 to September 2021.

Rural transport, travel and accessibility statistics – England, 2019

These Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (Defra) statistics provide information on transport, travel and access to services in rural and urban areas in England during 2019.


A review of UK household behaviours and habits through environmental data

This ONS analysis considers how households have over time become a bigger contributor to UK carbon emissions. This article reviews data on how household’s impact on climate change has changed in recent decades.

Agriculture in the UK 2020

These annual statistics from Defra provide information about agriculture in the UK up to 2020.

Local government

Mapping national employment and skills provision

The LGA have published a new online resource which provides councils with information of national employment and skills provision that is available in their area. The resource includes an interactive roadmap and will help councils understand the spatial footprints that shape local provision and how this is changing. It also looks to support local and national government to collaborate to shape provision and maximise opportunities.

Uncertainty amidst recovery: 2021 estimates of COVID’S impact on local and regional finances

The impact of COVID on local and regional government finances is examined in the latest edition of the CEMR analysis of COVID-19’s impact on local and regional finances. The study draws on data from 18 local and regional government associations in 15 countries.

New Local Authority pages live on the National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) website

NIHR have published the new section aimed at a Local Authority audience on their website. This is the first stage of this work and in time, more content will be added including further enhancing the social care elements.

LG Inform updates:

LGA’s data benchmarking tool, LG Inform, shortlisted for 2021 ‘Analysis in Government Award’

The LGA’s data benchmarking tool, LG Inform, has been shortlisted for a 2021 ‘Analysis in Government Award’ in the ‘Communications’ category. The awards are run by the Civil Service’s Government Analysis Function to support analysts working across Government.  LG Inform was shortlisted because of the LGA’s Research and Information team’s successful work this year to 1) ensure that timely and up-to-date data on COVID-19 has been readily available to all English local authorities, and 2) develop a range of new themed reports to help councils understand key issues affecting the recovery of their local areas and the issues for levelling up. LG Inform has had over 4.3 million views since November 2013.

My Local Areas: a new resource to define and see data about new areas

My Local Areas is a new, straightforward and powerful map-based area creation tool, enabling users to define their own custom areas within local authority areas and optionally display metrics for them. It includes the ability to group multiple custom areas that users may wish to display together or compare.

Areas can be displayed in reports, linked to or embedded elsewhere, or simply downloaded as an image to share with others. LGA created this new tool after speaking with a range of LG Inform Plus users who said that a simple means of creating and sharing their own areas would support a range of activities including project planning, local area reporting, and internal and external communications.

My Local Areas is available to LG Inform Plus subscribers from the Your data and metrics Hub page, see the 'Create a report' section, or access it directly from within our report builder.

This new resource can be used to show data added to the system via our My local metrics resource. This way, subscribers can bring together local data and maps, in a secure area, to best represent local initiatives and manage performance accordingly.

For more information on any of these resources, contact us at lginformplus@local.gov.uk

Public Health Outcomes Framework: November update available in LG Inform

This month saw the regular refresh of the Public Health Outcomes Framework (PHOF) with new data points added for 50 metric types. These and the rest of the metrics from the framework have been added to LG Inform for your use.

From 2019/20, PHOF consists of 75 high level categories and over 160 individual metric types, many of which can further be disaggregated by sex and age, meaning that in LG Inform there are nearly 300 metric types to choose from: full listing available here. These are available to you via our standard report and can be found by searching for the individual metric type names or searching for all metric types tagged with Public Health Outcomes Framework.

Metrics added to LG Inform this month include:

House Price Statistics for Small Areas – Quarter 1 2021 - England

The median house price in England has increased from £260,000 in quarter 4 2020 to £274,000 in quarter 1 2021. For the same periods the mean house price has increased from £331,550 in quarter 4 2020 to £347,618 in quarter 1 2021. 

Available Geographies: Country – Region – County – London borough – Metropolitan District – Unitary – MSOA – LSOA – Ward – Combined Authority 

Median House Price|LG Inform 

|Residential House Sales|LG Inform+ 

Local Council Tax Support – Quarter 2 2021/22 

In England in quarter 2 2021/22 the total number of Local Council Tax Support claimants was 3,978,088 compared to 4,022,986 in quarter 1 2021/22.   This is a snapshot of the quarterly claimant numbers for localised council tax support for local authorities (LCTS). The introduction of Local Council Tax Support schemes (LCTS), from 1 April 2013, replaced the nationally set Council Tax Benefit (CTB).

Available Geographies: Country - District – London borough – Metropolitan District – Unitary 

Local Council Tax Support claimants|LG Informmod-type=namedComparisonGroup 

Employment, pay and workforce

Labour market in the regions of the UK: July to September 2021

This Office for National Statistics (ONS) data provides regional, local authority and Parliamentary constituency breakdowns of changes in UK employment, unemployment, economic inactivity and other related statistics between July and September 2021.

UK labour market: August to October 2021

This ONS data provides estimates of employment, unemployment, inactivity, average weekly earnings, vacancies and other labour market related statistics for the UK. This release also includes UK and non-UK people in the labour market and Labour market flows.

Rural economic activity statistics – England, 2020

These Defra statistics provide information on the employment status and working patterns of people living in urban and rural areas in 2020.


Economic activity and social change in the UK, real-time indicators: 18 November 2021

This ONS data provides early experimental data and analysis on economic activity and social change in the UK. These faster indicators are created using rapid response surveys, novel data sources, and experimental methods.

Retail sales, Great Britain: October 2021

This ONS data provides a first estimate of retail sales in volume and value terms, seasonally and non-seasonally adjusted in Great Britain in October 2021.


Ministry of Justice (MoJ) research: reclaiming your property after the death of a tenant

The MoJ is conducting research with Housing Officers in councils and housing associations, about their experiences of the NL1 form, which is completed and sent to the Public Trustee after the death of a tenant. MoJ are looking to improve how the form works and transform it into a digital service. They are looking for feedback from as wide a range of people as possible to make sure the new form fits with existing ways of working. If you'd be willing to take part in this research, please complete this form

Homelessness statistics – April to June 2021, England

This collection from the Department for Levelling Up, Housing and Communities brings together all documents relating to homelessness and rough sleeping statistics in England between April and June 2021.

Affordable housing supply in England: April 2020 to March 2021

These statistics from the Department for Levelling Up, Housing and Communities provide information on the affordable housing supply in England from April 2020 to March 2021.

Local authority housing statistics data returns for 2020 to 2021

These Local Authority housing statistics from the Department for Levelling Up, Housing and Communities provide data returns for 2020 to 2021.

Rural housing statistics

These Defra statistics provide information on housing stock, affordability, homelessness, and homebuilding in rural and urban areas.


Proven reoffending statistics: October to December 2019 – England and Wales

These MoJ statistics provide information on reoffending of offenders who were released from custody who received a non-custodial conviction, or a caution between October and December 2019 in England and Wales.

Safety in custody: quarterly update to June 2021 – England and Wales

These statistics from MoJ and Her Majesty’s Prison and Probation Service provide a quarterly update on deaths, self-harm and assaults in prison custody in England and Wales up to June 2021.

Offender management statistics quarterly: April to June 2021 – England and Wales

These MoJ and HM Prison Service statistics provide information on offenders in custody (including offence groups, sentence lengths and nationalities), and quarterly and annual statistics on prison receptions, prison releases, adjudications, licence recalls and offenders under probation supervision between April and June 2021 in England and Wales.

Criminal Justice System statistics quarterly: Year ending June 2021 – England and Wales

These MoJ statistics provide an overview of trends in the use of out of court disposals, defendants prosecuted, offenders,  remand and sentencing decisions, and offender histories in England and Wales for the year ending June 2021.

Knife and offensive weapon sentencing statistics: April to June 2021 – England and Wales

These MoJ statistics provide information on trends in cautioning and sentencing of knife and offensive weapon offences between April and June 2021 in England and Wales.

Prison population projections: 2021 to 2026

These MoJ statistics provide five year projections for the prison population in England and Wales for 2021 to 2026.

The nature of violent crime in England and Wales: year ending March 2021

This ONS data provides a  summary of violent crime from the year ending March 2021 taken from the Crime Survey for England and Wales and police recorded crime.

Police powers and procedures: Stop and search and arrests, England and Wales, year ending 31 March 2021

These Home Office statistics provide information on stop and search, arrests for notifiable offences in England and Wales for the year ending 31 March 2021.

Regular publications and events

NIHR Research Funding

The NIHR’s Health and Social care Delivery Research Programme is currently accepting applications for Supporting the delivery of net zero health and social care system commissioned call. The programme is interested in receiving applications for high quality and timely evaluative research of existing and/or new initiatives to reduce carbon emissions in care pathways and health and social care services.

LG Inform and LG Inform Plus webinar programme for Autumn 2021 now available

The LG Inform and LG Inform Plus programme of free webinars for the December 2021 period is available.

To book a place and discover more about the data, report writing and the various modules on offer visit the online training page for more details and how to book.

Or, if you want something more tailored to your needs, contact lginformplus@local.gov.uk

Social Research Association (SRA) training courses

The SRA are currently offering a range of online training courses using Zoom

SRA - Social Research Practice journal
The latest issue of the SRA's free e-journal is now available.

NESTA Online events
NESTA are running a series of free online events during June.

University of Bristol – policy newsletter
This policy newsletter from the University of Bristol includes the latest policy research briefings and information on how their research relates to current affairs and legislation.

Government Actuary Department (GAD) eNewsletter
The latest issue of the GAD eNewsletter is now available.

Project Oracle children and youth evidence hub
Project Oracle is a children and youth evidence hub. The latest newsletter provides a round-up of Project Oracle news, and headlines from across the sector. You can sign up to receive the regular Project Oracle newsletter.

The Rees Centre newsletter
The Rees Centre newsletter is published every two months giving an update on their fostering related research activities and events along with a book review and a section on young voices.

Child Welfare Inequalities Project (CWIP) news
The CWIP at Coventry University studies the links between deprivation and children’s chances of being unable to live safely within their birth families and also aims to establish child welfare inequalities as a core concept in policy making, practice and research. Information about current CWIP projects is available on the website.

Centre for Evaluation newsletter
The Centre for Evaluation develops interventions, systems and strategies to improve public health using rigorous evaluation methods. Visit the website to sign up for the Centre for Evaluation newsletter.

What Works Centre for Local Economic Growth newsletter
This regular newsletter from the What Works Centre for Local Economic Growth provides the latest resources and evidence. Visit the website to sign up for the newsletter.

The Centre for Youth Impact newsletter
The Centre for Youth Impact is a community of organisations that work together to progress thinking and practice around impact measurement in youth work and services for young people. The latest 2020 Centre for Youth Impact newsletter is now available.

Centre of Expertise on Child Sexual Abuse (CSA) Newsletter
The CSA newsletter brings together the most up-to-date research into an accessible overview for frontline professionals and commissioners. Visit the website to sign up for the CSA newsletter.

National Foundation for Educational Research (NFER) Direct
This regular NFER newsletter provides research, industry insights and free resources and events. Sign up for the newsletter.

London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine (LSHTM) Centre for Evaluation
The Centre for Evaluation aims to improve the design and conduct of evaluations of complex public health interventions through the development, application and dissemination of rigorous methods, and facilitate the use of robust evidence to inform policy and practice decisions. The Centre produce a termly newsletter.

Wales Centre for Public Policy (WCPP) newsletter
WCPP works to address key economic and societal challenges through the use of evidence and produce a regular newsletter.

Education Endowment Foundation (EEF) news alert
EEF news alerts provide information about teaching and learning toolkits, project evaluation reports, grant funding rounds and news and events.

NESTA is an innovation foundation which aims to tackle society’s big challenges. They produce a regular newsletter.

Early Intervention Foundation (EiF) newsletter
This regular newsletter from the EiF brings together research, evidence and implementation guidance to champion effective early intervention for children and young people.

Research and Economic Analysis for the Long Term (REAL) Centre
The Health Foundation’s REAL Centre was set up to support long-term decision making in health and social care. Visit the website to sign up for regular updates.